Located at the bottom of the Gulf of Guinea, the city of Kribi with an average altitude of 18m is located at 2°56′ North latitude and 9°54′ East longitude. Capital of the Ocean Department, the city of Kribi has been since 2007, an “Urban Community” made up of two District Communes: that of Kribi 1st (CAK 1st) and that of Kribi 2nd (CAK 2nd).

The relief of Kribi 1st is dominated by lowlands stretching from north to south, along the Atlantic coast for more than 30 km. From the beaches of Ngoyé in the north, heading south to the Rocher du Loup, this plain gradually rises but then narrows to make way for a rocky coast as you get closer to the deep-water port. The soils in the area are generally permeable, with deficient organic and mineral potential that limits their agricultural capabilities to undemanding shrub crops such as rubber, oil palm and coconut. Included in the monomodal forest agro-ecological zone, the climate of Kribi 1st is characterized by two periods of high water and two periods of low water corresponding to the four climatic seasons of the locality, namely: the great rainy season: from mid-August to November; the short rainy season: from March to June; the great dry season:  from December to mid-March and the short dry season: from June to mid-August.

The Arrondissement of Kribi 1er has a vast hydrographic network whose different rivers in addition to the Atlantic Ocean are: the Kienké which crosses the urban area, the Lobé at the level of the villages which are the main ones in terms of their sediment inputs on the coastal banks, next to which we have the Lolabé2, the Boussibalika and the Nlendé which are secondary rivers. Kribi 1er is located in the area of the “Atlantic coast”, with the mid-altitude Atlantic forest or mid-altitude Biafran forest. It colonizes the low and middle plateaus that dominate the low coast. It is characterized by two varieties: the evergreen caesalpiniaceous and degraded Atlantic forest and the very localized sub-montane forest, rich in valuable species such as: sacoglottis gabonensis (Bidou), Coula edoulis (Ewomé), and especially Lophira alata (Azobé). The latter bears witness to the cultivation of the land that has been carried out in the region for more than 3000 years.

The District Commune of Kribi 1er, whose capital is MASSAKA, is composed of 11 villages and 10 districts, including: Bongahele, Bongandoue, Bwambe, Ebomé, Eboundja I, Eboundja II, Lendi-Aviation, Lende-Dibe, Lobe, Lolabé, Louma, Massaka, Mbeka’a, Mboa-Manga, Mokolo, Mpangou, New-Town I, Ngoye administrative, Petit-Paris, Talla and Zaire. These villages and neighbourhoods are grouped together in 03 grouping chiefdoms.

The city’s population is cosmopolitan. In addition to the pygmies, who were the first inhabitants of the Southern Region and who today live in small hamlets or enclaves in the forest, two ethnic groups, the Batanga and the Mabi, make up the indigenous population of the locality. The Lyassa or Ndoe, Mvae, Ewondo, Bassa, Boulou, Ngoumba and Fang, all from the Ocean Department, coexist peacefully with other populations from all regions of Cameroon. The main religions are Christianity, traditional religions, and Islam.

The economic activities of the Municipality of Kribi 1er are divided into: agriculture, livestock, fishing, forestry, hunting and mining activities, for the primary sector; the timber industry, the processing of agricultural products, handicrafts, construction, water and energy for the secondary sector and mainly tourism, trade and transport for the tertiary sector. Fishing is the oldest and one of the main activities of the local population, it is a source of a large amount of income. The city of Kribi in Cameroon is known for its tourist and industrial attractions.  A seaside town, port and agro-industrial city, it is now a major development centre in Cameroon thanks to its hitherto little-exploited tourist assets and above all the projects that are about to be built there (deep-water port, gas-fired thermal power plant, etc.).

Climate change is a reality and the global temperature of the earth has already risen by more than one degree Celsius according to the latest reports from the World Meteorological Organization (2023). This increase has repercussions on all natural and anthropogenic habitats on earth, such as that of Kribi. Indeed, the menacing on Kribi is real. Kribi, located near the Atlantic Ocean, suffers loss and damage due to rising sea levels associated with coastal erosion, which is accelerated by the physicochemical nature of the water, which gains in physical power but also in chemical power linked to the acidity of the ocean. Faced with these local climate dynamics, it is difficult to have a system for monitoring and predicting climatic events, but also a system for reducing and assessing loss and damage. It is in this sense that the African Environmental Network is launching the swipe out the tear of the ocean project  , which contributes to solving the problem.


Reduce loss and damage by strengthening monitoring and communication on major climatic events in the Kribi Premier area.


  • Strengthening monitoring of climate dynamics
  • Strengthening the physico-chemical analysis of ocean water
  • Popularizing climate and weather forecasting at the local level
  • Establish an inventory and follow-up of economic loss and damage and economic names
  • Strengthen the resilience of populations in the face of coastal erosion linked to the increase in the sea and the acidity of the oceans.
  • Establish a local mechanism for multi-stakeholder communication on risk, risk management, and loss and damage
  • Establish a local monitoring unit on climate dynamics and risk reduction
  • Continuously study climatic events in depth

STAKEHOLDER: Decentralized Territorial Community of Kribi, Civil Society Organization; Fishermen’s Collective, National Observatory on Climate Change, Local Media, Prefecture.


In order to achieve the main objective, each specific objective will be taken individually and jointly in order to set up an early warning and monitoring mechanism for loss and damage within Kribi First. Stakeholders and targets will be included in the foundational work until the end from data collection to established system implementations. A monitoring and evaluation programme will be set up and will involve all stakeholders for continuous monitoring and evaluation but also to regularly update the system set up.


  • An early warning mechanism is established
  • A mechanism for assessing and monitoring loss and damage is established
  • A mechanism for monitoring and reporting on climate events is established.


M.Paul Lodry DONGMO



Director of Risk and Disaster Reduction Department


Indigenous people,

young people



community groups


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